Isolation of phosphate-solubilizing bacteria from subtropical soils with different fertilization histories
Phosphorus is one of the most abundant chemical elements but has a low bioavailability index. Therefore, microrganisms play a fundamental role in providing insoluble phosphorus to plants. The objective of this study was to evaluate the capacity of bacteria to solubilize inorganic phosphates in soils with different fertilization histories. Soil and rhizosphere samples were collected from a Red Distroferric Latosol, including a control without mineral or organic fertilizer (C), treatment with mineral fertilizer (MF) according to the needs of each crop, and treatment with organic fertilizer [300 m3 ha-1 of swine wastewater (SW)]. The medium containing calcium phytate presented more colony-forming units (CFU) for all fertilization histories, and growth in treatments C and MF was 50% higher than treatment with SW. CFU values in soils treated with SW were lower than those in the other treatments, and the diversity of insoluble phosphate-solubilizing bacteria (PSB) was higher in treatment C. These results indicate a negative relationship between phosphorus concentrations and the number of PSB.
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