Sorption and desorption of ametryn in different types of soils
Knowledge of factors related to the dynamics of herbicides in the environment is of fundamental importance to predicting the behavior of herbicides in soils with different attributes, to select appropriate dosages, as well as to avoid harmful effects on the environment and subsequent crops. The objective of this work was to evaluate the sorption and desorption of ametryn in seven soils with different attributes. Initially, the equilibrium time was determined by the "Batch Equilibrium". Then, it was performed the sorption test with different concentrations (0.5; 1; 2; 4; 8; 16; 24 and 32 mg L-1) of ametryn in 0.01 mol L-1 CaCl2. 10 mL of these solutions were added to samples of 2.00 g of each soil, remaining under rotary shaking for 4 hours. After centrifugation and filtration, the ametryn concentration in the supernatant was determined by high-performance liquid chromatography. Desorption was evaluated using the tubes containing 16 mg L-1 prior to sorption testing. The results indicated that the sorption and desorption of ametryn depend on the physicochemical attributes of the soil. Sorption was higher in soils with high organic matter content and high ion exchange capacity, while desorption was inversely proportional to sorption.