Endoglucanase production by endophytic fungi isolated from Vitis labrusca L. with peanut hull and sawdust as substrates

  • Aretusa Cristina Felber Universidade Estadual de Maringá
  • Vânia Specian Universidade Estadual de Maringá
  • Ravely Casarotti Orlandelli Universidade Estadual de Maringá/ Universidade Estadual do Paraná http://orcid.org/0000-0002-1359-4210
  • Alessandra Tenório Costa Universidade Estadual de Maringá
  • Julio Cesar Polonio Universidade Estadual de Maringá
  • Káthia Socorro Mathias Mourão Universidade Estadual de Maringá
  • João Alencar Pamphile
Keywords: Cellulase, Microbial enzyme, Endophytes, Agro-industrial wastes, Submerged fermentation

Abstract

Endoglucanases are enzymes widely employed in different industrial fields, albeit with high production costs. Studies on new microbial sources and low-cost substrates are highly relevant, including those on agro-industrial. Current analysis evaluates peanut hull (PH) and sawdust (SD) as substrates for submerged cultures of 14 endophytic fungi isolated from grapevine (Vitis labrusca L.) cultivars Bordô and Concord. Endophytes were grown on a carboxymethylcellulose (CMC) medium and the cup plate assay showed that eight strains (belonging to genera Cochliobolus, Diaporthe, Fusarium and Phoma) had positive results: enzymatic halos ranged from 10.8±0.02 to 15.5±0.07 mm in diameter. Diaporthe sp. strains (GenBank accession codes KM362392, KM362368 and KM362378) and Fusarium culmorum KM362384 were highlighted as the most promising sources. Further, PH and SD as substrates for the fermentation of these fungi were evaluated by the cup plate assay and endoglucanase activity assay. Highest halo diameters were obtained for Diaporthe sp. KM362392: 16.1±0.01 mm (CMC), 14.5±0.01 mm (PH) and 14.7±0.03 mm (SD). The fungus also presented the highest levels of endoglucanase activity: analysis of variance revealed that CMC (3.52±0.98 μmol/min), PH (2.93±0.23 μmol/min) and SD (3.26±0.38 μmol/min) were similarly efficient as substrates. Results deepen knowledge on V. labrusca endophytes that may be endoglucanase sources, even though further optimizations in submerged cultures with PH and SD should be undertaken to increase the enzymatic production from these wastes.

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Author Biographies

Aretusa Cristina Felber, Universidade Estadual de Maringá

Laboratório de Biotecnologia Microbiana, Departamento de Biotecnologia, Genética e Biologia Celular, Universidade Estadual de Maringá, Paraná, Brasil.

Vânia Specian, Universidade Estadual de Maringá

Laboratório de Biotecnologia Microbiana, Departamento de Biotecnologia, Genética e Biologia Celular, Universidade Estadual de Maringá, Paraná, Brasil.

Ravely Casarotti Orlandelli, Universidade Estadual de Maringá/ Universidade Estadual do Paraná

Laboratório de Biotecnologia Microbiana, Departamento de Biotecnologia, Genética e Biologia Celular, Universidade Estadual de Maringá, Paraná, Brasil.

 

Colegiado de Ciências Biológicas, Universidade Estadual do Paraná - campus Paranavaí, Brasil.

Alessandra Tenório Costa, Universidade Estadual de Maringá

Laboratório de Biotecnologia Microbiana, Departamento de Biotecnologia, Genética e Biologia Celular, Universidade Estadual de Maringá, Paraná, Brasil.

 
Julio Cesar Polonio, Universidade Estadual de Maringá

Laboratório de Biotecnologia Microbiana, Departamento de Biotecnologia, Genética e Biologia Celular, Universidade Estadual de Maringá, Paraná, Brasil.

 
Káthia Socorro Mathias Mourão, Universidade Estadual de Maringá
Laboratório de Anatomia Vegetal, Departamento de Biologia, Universidade Estadual de Maringá. Maringá, Paraná, Brasil.
Published
2019-04-16
How to Cite
Felber, A. C., Specian, V., Orlandelli, R. C., Costa, A. T., Polonio, J. C., Mourão, K. S. M., & Pamphile, J. A. (2019). Endoglucanase production by endophytic fungi isolated from Vitis labrusca L. with peanut hull and sawdust as substrates. Bioscience Journal, 35(3). https://doi.org/10.14393/BJ-v35n3a2019-42403
Section
Biological Sciences