Silvicultural performance of eucaliptus and animal behavior in a silvopastoral system

  • Giselle Feliciani Barbosa Universidade Estadual de Mato Grosso do Sul (UEMS), Unidade Universitária de Cassilândia.
  • Wolff Camargo Marques Filho Instituto Federal do Norte de Minas Gerais (IFNMG), Campus Salinas.
  • Simone Cândido Ensinas Universidade Estadual de Mato Grosso do Sul (UEMS), Unidade Universitária de Cassilândia.
  • Daiane Cristina Flávio Universidade Estadual de Mato Grosso do Sul (UEMS), Unidade Universitária de Cassilândia.
  • Isabela Machado de Oliveira Lima Universidade Estadual de Mato Grosso do Sul (UEMS), Unidade Universitária de Cassilândia.
  • Maiara Fernanda Garcia Silva Universidade Estadual de Mato Grosso do Sul (UEMS), Unidade Universitária de Cassilândia.
  • Gabriela da Silva Freitas Universidade Estadual de Mato Grosso do Sul (UEMS), Unidade Universitária de Cassilândia.
Keywords: Agroforestry systems, Population arrangement, Ingestive behavior, Beef cattle

Abstract

Silvopastoral system, in which trees and forage species are grown in the same area together with animals, has emerged as a sustainable alternative of agricultural production systems. However, information on different silvicultural arrangements and combinations of forest, animal and grazing components in this system are still scarce. Thus, this study followed the silvicultural performance of the forest component (Eucalyptus urophylla x E. grandis, eucalyptus hybrid, clone I-144) under different population arrangements in a silvopastoral system through periodic dendrometric evaluations and determined the impact of animal component (Nellore females) on tree development and ingestive behavior of animals subjected to rotational grazing in Urochloa brizantha cv. Marandu. The study was conducted at Agropecuária Ouro Branco, located in Bandeirantes, MS, Brazil. Total height, diameter at breast height, and wood volume per hectare were evaluated in three- and five-row ranks. To indicate plant growth, the current and average annual increments were calculated. Animal behavior was evaluated based on the periodic observation of 15 animals randomly selected in the lot. The initial performance of forest component was satisfactory in both populations, but growth indicators indicated greater current and average annual increments in the five-row rank. The presence of forest component does not interfere with the ingestive behavior and wellbeing of animals in the silvopastoral system, as well as, the presence of animal component does not interfere in the plants silvicultural development.

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Author Biography

Giselle Feliciani Barbosa, Universidade Estadual de Mato Grosso do Sul (UEMS), Unidade Universitária de Cassilândia.
Departamento de Produção Vegetal
Published
2019-06-13
How to Cite
Barbosa, G. F., Marques Filho, W. C., Ensinas, S. C., Flávio, D. C., Lima, I. M. de O., Silva, M. F. G., & Freitas, G. da S. (2019). Silvicultural performance of eucaliptus and animal behavior in a silvopastoral system. Bioscience Journal , 35(4). https://doi.org/10.14393/BJ-v35n4a2019-42110
Section
Agricultural Sciences