Fractionation of phosphorus in soils amended with poultry manure co-composted with sugarcane and cabbage wastes = Fracionamento de fósforo em solos corrigidos com esterco de aves co-compostado com resíduos de cana de açúcar e repolho

Asma Saleem, Muhammad Irshad, A. Egrinya Eneji, Amjad Hassan, Qaisar Mahmood, Usman Irshad

Abstract


Organic waste recycling is a viable option for reducing energy usage, volume of landfills, air and water pollution, greenhouse gas emissions and preserving natural resources for future use. Composting is an easy and natural bio-degradation process that converts organic wastes into available nutrients for plants. We studied the changes in phosphorus (P) fractions in soils amended with poultry manure co-composted with sugarcane and cabbage wastes. The compost was applied to sandy clay and silt loam soils at 10 and 20 t ha-1. Soils were then incubated at room temperature for 8 weeks when mineralization was expected and analyzed for extractable P fractions. The P fractions in the soils varied in the order HCl-P (Ca+Mg-bound) > H2O-P (water soluble) > NaHCO3-P (readily plant-available P) > NaOH-P (Fe+Al-bound) and the fractions increased significantly as compost application rates increased and decreased as the amount of sugarcane and cabbage wastes in the compost increased. Phosphorus was less concentrated in the compost containing CW than that containing SW and was higher in sandy clay than silty loam soil. The overall results showed that composting reduced the bio-availability of P from poultry litter and would be beneficial for optimizing P fertility in soil and minimizing losses to the environment. 


Keywords


Co-composting, poultry litter, agro-waste, phosphorus fractionation, silt loam soil, sandy clay soil

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.14393/BJ-v33n5a2017-37179

Bioscience Journal
ISSN 1981-3163 - Online Journal

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