Correlation between clinical and socioeconomic characteristics and perceived health status of patients with heart failure

  • Omar Pereira de Almeida Neto Federal University of Goias/Jataí
  • Cristiane Martins Cunha Federal University of Uberlândia
  • Paula Cristina Silva Federal University of Uberlândia
  • Poliana Rodrigues Alves Duarte Clinical Hospital of Uberlandia
  • Leila Aparecida Kauchakje Pedrosa Universidade Federal do Triângulo Mineiro
  • Elmiro Santos Resende Federal University of Uberlândia
Keywords: Cardiology, Heart Failure, Quality of Life

Abstract

Associations between generic and specific perceived health status have been little used in the clinical practice of the cardiovascular sciences. Describe the clinical and socio-economic profile of heart failure patients (HF) and correlate their perceived health status (PHS) (generic and specific) with clinical and socio-economic variables. Cross-sectional, quantitative and analytical study approved by the ethics committee - Federal University of Triangulo Mineiro (number 833.007). A sample of 91 individuals with different functional classes and etiologies of HF and who were in outpatient follow-up answered the following questionnaire: 1. Clinical and socioeconomic questionnaire; 2. Visual Analog Scale (VAS); 3. Minnesota Questionnaire (MLWHFQ). We studied 91 patients with HF; the majority was male (50.5%) married (52.7%), inactive (working condition) (83.51%), NYHA functional class IV (29.7%) hypertension etiology (46.2%). The VAS was correlated significantly (p <0.05) with the variables family income (r = 0.173) and left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) (r = 0.221) and significant (p <0.01) comorbidities (r = 0.237) and medications (r = 0.475). Significant associations (p <0.05) were established between the VSA, gender, surgical procedure and NYHA functional class IV. All MLWHFQ domains were significantly associated (p <0.01) with the female gender and functional class IV. Perceived health status showed significant decline in all dimensions when compared to other published studies, demanding attention from the health professionals and new clinical strategies to manage heart failure.

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Author Biographies

Omar Pereira de Almeida Neto, Federal University of Goias/Jataí
PhD Health Care. Teacher at the Health Sciences Unit of the Federal University of Goiás - Jataí / GO
Cristiane Martins Cunha, Federal University of Uberlândia
PhD in Nursing. Teacher in  Departament of Medicine, Federal University of Uberlândia.
Paula Cristina Silva, Federal University of Uberlândia
Masters student of Health Sciences. Federal University of Uberlândia
Poliana Rodrigues Alves Duarte, Clinical Hospital of Uberlandia
PhD in Health Sciences. Clinical Researcher in Cardiology, Clinical Hospital of Uberlandia.
Leila Aparecida Kauchakje Pedrosa, Universidade Federal do Triângulo Mineiro
PhD in Nursing. Teacher at Feral University of Triângulo Mineiro
Elmiro Santos Resende, Federal University of Uberlândia
PhD in Cardiology. Teacher in  Departament of Medicine, Federal University of Uberlândia.
Published
2017-12-20
How to Cite
de Almeida Neto, O. P., Cunha, C. M., Silva, P. C., Duarte, P. R. A., Kauchakje Pedrosa, L. A., & Resende, E. S. (2017). Correlation between clinical and socioeconomic characteristics and perceived health status of patients with heart failure . Bioscience Journal, 34(1). https://doi.org/10.14393/BJ-v34n1a2018-36510
Section
Health Sciences