Seeder performance under different pressures of vaccum and fuel consumption to soybean seeds = Deposição de sementes de soja em diferentes pressões de vácuo e consumo de combustível

Sidnei Marcelino Lauriano, Saulo Fernando Gomes de Sousa, Patricia Pereira Dias, Tiago Pereira da Silva Correia, Paulo Roberto Arbex Silva

Abstract


In pneumatic precision seeders, the regularity in seeds deposition is essential for a proper sowing process. Thus, the aim of this study was to verify the accuracy in the soy beans seed capturing in different vacuum pressures (3.5 kPa; 4.0 kPa; 5.0 kPa; 5.5 kPa and 6.0 kPa), the seed distribution in the seed lines as well as the fuel consumption in the tractor-seed set. The experiment was carried out at the College of Agronomy – FCA/UNESP, Botucatu-SP. The outline was random blocks, in subplots layout banded of 30 × 3.15 m, with four replicates per treatment. A tractor-seeder set was used to collect the sample of fuel consumption and seed population. The real population of seed was collected in plastic bags fastened to the end of the conductor pipe, obtaining the population of the 5 central lines of the seeders. The acquisition of the fuel consumption data for each plot, was carried out using a flow meter. Thus, it was observed that the seeder distribution on the vacuum pressure at 3.5; 4.0 and 5.5 kPa decreased in the farthest lines when compared to the central lines. For the hourly fuel consumption, per area and also for the deposition of seeds the regularity in the distribution of seeds is affected when there is vacuum pressure below 5.0 kPa and, consequently, highest consumption. For soybean sowing, seeds having the characteristics described in this study, it is recommended to use vacuum pressure of 6.0 kPa. As a result, this vacuum pressure leads to the lowest fuel consumption per hour, 11.49 L hˉ¹ and worked area, 7.35 L haˉ¹.


Keywords


Plantability. Mechanization. Glycine max.

Full Text:

PDF


Bioscience Journal
ISSN 1981-3163 - Online Journal

Federal University of Uberlandia
Av. Para, 1720
Bloco 8C - Sala 108
Campus Umuarama
B. Umuarama
38400-902 - Uberlandia, MG, Brasil
Fone: +55-34-3225-8688
biosciencej@ufu.br