Reliability, efficacy and reproducibility of the cervical vertebrae maturation index (CVMI)
Assessing skeletal maturation is an important determinant of successful orthodontic treatment planning for children and adolescents. While several methods are used skeletal maturation assessment, the hand-wrist radiograph is one of the most widely used. However, it does require additional exposing growing patients to additional radiation. Information on skeletal maturation can also be retrieved after evaluation of cervical vertebrae, which are commonly portrayed on the lateral cephalometric radiographs included in standard orthodontic documentation. By means of a systematic review of the available literature, this work aimed to verify the reliability, efficacy, and reproducibility of skeletal age determination based on the evaluation of cervical vertebrae. The LILACS, SciELO and PubMed databases were searched using the keywords "cervical vertebrae" and "cervical maturation". Only texts in Portuguese, Spanish, and English published in the last 10 years were selected. Twenty-nine full articles were retrieved and critically appraised. According to these references, the Cervical Vertebrae Maturation Index appears to be a valid, reliable, and reproducible method for skeletal maturation assessment and may substitute the analysis of hand-wrist radiograph in orthodontic treatment planning.
The copyright for articles published in this journal belong to the authors, with first publication rights granted to the journal. In virtue of their appearance in this journal of open access, the articles are free to use, with proper attribution, in educational and non- commercial applications.
Authors who publish in this journal agree to the following terms:
Authors retain the copyright and waiver the journal the right of first publication, with the work simultaneously licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY-NC-ND 4.0), allowing the sharing of work with authorship recognition and preventing its commercial use.
Authors are authorized to take additional contracts separately, for non-exclusive distribution of the version of the work published in this journal (publish in institutional repository or as a book chapter), with acknowledgment of authorship and initial publication in this journal.