Comparative study of the application of jasmonic acid and pesticide in chilli: effects on physiological activities, yield and viruses control
The excessive application of pesticides for agricultural production has raised quite some concern about environmental safety and sustainability. To reduce environmental impact of pesticide overuse, there is an increasing interest in using different elicitors including Jasmonic acid (JA) to induce resistance against pathogen and insect in crop. Chilli (Capsicum annuum L.), which is an important vegetable cum spice crop around the world. The aims of this study were to compare the effectiveness of Jasmonic acid on growth, Phyto-physiological responses, yield and viruses control in chilli plant. It was evaluated the effectiveness of single spray of JA (JA1), double spray of JA (JA2), conventional pesticide (Malathion 50%) and without any of those or control. The experimental results showed that pesticide-treated plants perform much better at early growth stages and become less competitive to JA2 treatment at maturity. Double spray of jasmonic acid showed less stress symptoms in different antioxidant enzymes activities (GPX, APX and CAT), reduce percentage of disease incidence and severity as well as improve growth and yielding characters of chilli plant. Therefore application of Jasmonic acid in chilli could be a possible alternative of pesticide application and its two times exogenous spray (0.5mM) is most effective.
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